Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences
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October 2018


Trifloxystrobin + Protioconazole in Different Times of Application, Development and Disease Control in Wheat Culture.

Claudia Manteli, Fabio Pagno, Alberto Ricardo Stefeni, Rayanah Stival Svidzinski, Cristina Minatto, Elouize Xavier

Abstract: The wheat (Triticum Aestivum), is a crop that is present in the lives of the human beings since the dawn of agriculture. It is the second most grown cereal in the world, possessing meaning influence on global agricultural economy. In the view of the above, the present work has as its goal to evaluate the effect of trifloxystrobin + prothiocanazole in the control o diseases and on the development on the wheat culture. The experiment was conducted in the Experimental Farm of União de Ensino do Sudoeste do Paraná – UNISEP, located in the city of Dois Vizinhos, southwest of Paraná. The statistical design was a randomized complete block design with five replications. The plots measure 4,84m x 3m out of a total of 20 plots totaling an experiment area of 290.4 m², with corridors of 30cm, consisting of four application times, of trifloxystrobin + prothioconazole being tilling (A), elongation (B), rubber (C) and gouging (D), with application interval of 17 days. The cultivar of wheat utilized was the CD 150. The data obtained were evaluated through the test F (p<0,05), being that the significant were compared by the Tukey Test (p<0,05), using the statistic assistance program, Assistat Software. The analyzed variables number of tills, height of the plants, the dry mass material and disease severity. The evaluations of disease severity were made in five periods of time. The wheat leaf diseases had a severity reduced with an application of the fungicide in all the treatments. The application of the fungicide with active principle in different times of the wheat culture, did not present interference on the number of tills per plant and on the height of those. The application of the fungicide with active principle in four different stages, caused an increase in de dry mass during the stage of crop’s rubber. In view of the presented results, it is concluded that with four applications (ABCD), better results were achieved in the variables analyzed in the culture.

[ FULL TEXT PDF 1-6 ] DOI: 10.22587/ajbas.2018.12.10.1


Characterization of Water Infiltration in the Soil of the São João River Basin on The Municipality of Porto Nacional, in the State of Tocantins, Brazil

Angelo Ricardo Balduino, Diogo Pedreira Lima, Cleber Decarli de Assis, Aurean de Paula Carvalho, Lucas Barbosa e Souza and Márcio Galdino dos Santos

Abstract: The present study of the characterization of the infiltration of the Ribeirão São João river basin has the objective of understanding the behavior of the water infiltration, where infiltration tests were performed in the place by the Kostiakov method and permeability by the method proposed by Radcliffe and Simunek associated with classification criteria of Reichardt, using double ring infiltrometers, associated to the geological knowledge of the area that subsidized the elaboration of the chart of use and occupation of the soil. Some recharge areas are impacted with low susceptibility to infiltration due to the intensive use of agriculture and its expansion, which directly affects the biodiversity around the basin under study. Improving the quality and quantity of water in the São João river basin depends on good planning by the local authorities, taking measures to guide and control the use and occupation of the soil, as well as the activities performed by the population in the surrounding basin area that supplies the city's water supply system (SAA).

[ FULL TEXT PDF 7-13 ] DOI: 10.22587/ajbas.2018.12.10.2


Human Resource Management Influence Organizational Performance and Employee Behaviour as a Mediator

Mohamed Elfadeel Ali Akeel*, Roshartini Omar, Md Asrul Nasid Masrom

Abstract: HRM policies can help employees to adapt the employee behavior in organization. It is inspire the employee outcome and increase the behavior of employee to achieve organization’s goals and targets. When the relationship exists between HRM and employee behavior, it can lead to better organization performance. Therefore, the aim of this study is to explore employee behavior as a mediator between HRM and organizational performance. A sample of this study was 219 respondents from employee construction in Libya. The data was analyzed using structural equation modelling (SEM) approach. This study showed that employee behavior is a full mediator between relationship HRM and organizational performance. Therefore, HRM practices influence employee behavior and its give impact to organizational performance for more effective and efficient in achieving organization goal.

[ FULL TEXT PDF 14-18 ] DOI: 10.22587/ajbas.2018.12.10.3


Effect of ethanol extract of Zapoteca portoricensis stem on liver, kidney and prostatic biomarkers of testosterone-induced benign prostate hyperplasia (BPH) in male albino rats

Ezugwu C.H., Joshua, P.E., Chilaka, F.C ., Nwodo, OFC., Dasofunjo, K ., Ezugwu M.U

Abstract: The effect of ethanol extract of Zapoteca portoricensis stem on testosterone-induced benign prostate hyperplasia (BPH) in adult male albino rats was aimed at in this study. The percentage yield of the extract was determined to be 1.73% and the extract showed the presence of alkaloids, terpenoids, saponins, phenols, flavonoids, tannins, glycosides and carotenoids as phytoconstituents. A dose of 5000mg/kg body weight was found to be safe in the LD50 study of the extract. A total of 25 adult male albino rats (weighing 231-391g) were selected for this study and randomly divided into five groups (1, 2, 3, 4 and 5) of five animals per group. Group 1 served as the normal control, group 2 as the positive control, group 3 as the standard control groups 4 and 5 as the test groups. Animals in group 2, 3, 4 and 5 were induced with BPH via daily subcutaneous injection of testosterone propionate (3mg/kgbwt) for 14 days and group 1 received subcutaneous injection of olive oil in place of the hormone for the same duration. After the induction, groups 1 and 2 received oral administration of 2 % v/v tween 80 solution and groups 3, 4 and 5 received oral administration of finasteride (10mg/kgbwt), 100mg/kgbwt extract and 200mg/kgbwt extract respectively for 21 days. The extract treated groups also showed significant (P < 0.05) decrease in mean serum ALP, ALT and AST compared to those of the positive control. Mean serum total bilirubin concentrations of animals in the extract treated groups decreased non-significantly (P > 0.05) compared to those of group 2 animals. Mean serum creatinine and urea concentrations of animals in the extract treated groups decreased significantly (P<0.05) compared to those of group 2 animals. The activities of prostate acid phosphatase and 5 α reductase in sera of the treated group decreased significantly (P < 0.05) when compared those of group 2. From this present research, it will be logical to infer that ethanol extract of the Zapoteca portoricensis stem in the treatment of testosterone-induced benign prostate hyperplasia in male albino rats proffers no assault on the functional integrity of both the liver and the kidney.

[ FULL TEXT PDF 19-27 ] DOI: 10.22587/ajbas.2018.12.10.4


Impact of quality management on job performance: A field study on the employees working in the Islamic banking sector in Libya

Faraj Salem Jaballah Saleh, Asbi B Ali, Mari Abdulsam Hassan

Abstract: Quality has become an important competitive weapon that no modern company or institution can face the challenges caused by globalization without investing in it. Regardless of whether it is a productive company, a service organization or even a non-profit organization, it must pay attention to quality by putting it on the top of priorities to face the increasing global competition caused by free global commerce and growth of multinational corporations. This study aimed to identify the nature of the relationship between quality management and job performance in Islamic banks operating in Libya. To achieve the objectives of the study, the researcher designed and developed a questionnaire to collect data from a sample of 323 survey selected participants. The results of the questionnaires were analyzed using statistical analysis software SPSS and AMOS. The study has found that Islamic banks operating in Libya suffer from lack of quality. The respondents identified lack of quality in terms of first, customer satisfaction; second, the participation and motivation of employees; third, training and qualifying the employees; fourth, lack of quality improvement, and fifth, administrative leadership.

[ FULL TEXT PDF 28-38 ] DOI: 10.22587/ajbas.2018.12.10.5


Potential of phosphite-based products in the control of Fusarium oxysporum in vitro

Stheffani Lucca dos Santos, Thayllane de Campos Siega, Joanilson Vieira Prestes Junior, Caliandra Bernardi, Mycheli preuss da cruz, Maristela dos Santos Rey, Sérgio Miguel Mazaro7

Abstract: Background: The fungus Fusarium oxysporum is a pathogen of difficult control, having resistance structures that remain viable for long periods of time, in addition, causes a great diversity of diseases in plants.
Objective: Therefore, the goal of this work was to evaluate the potential of phosphite products in the in vitro control of F. oxysporum. The experiment was conducted at the Phytosanitary Laboratory of the Universidade Tecnológica Federal do Paraná, Dois Vizinhos campus. The products were added at the doses of 10μL, 20μL, 40μL and 60μL in the PDA culture medium and then poured into the Petri® plates where they received a 5 mm disc containing the mycelium of the fungus. The mycelial growth evaluations were done at 12, 24, 36, 48 and 96 hours. The experimental design was completely randomized, with four replications. Results: The results showed that the three products based on potassium phosphite, manganese phosphite and copper phosphite were effective in the control of F. oxysporum under in vitro conditions, and all three behaved in the same way, presenting fungicidal and fungistatic effect on the pathogen. Conclusion: In view of the above, it is confirmed that the three products based on phosphite have potential to control F. oxysporum under in vitro conditions. However, more in-depth studies should be done to evaluate the potential of in vivo products seeking to elucidate their behavior on plants.

[ FULL TEXT PDF 39-41 ] DOI: 10.22587/ajbas.2018.12.10.6


Assessment of Urochloa ruziziensis in different sowing seasons intercropping with late corn cultivars

Oscar Mitsuo Yamashita, Cristiano da Veiga Ottonelli, Marco Antônio Camillo de Carvalho, Rivanildo Dallacort, Ivone Vieira da Silva, Arthur Panosso, Norberto Gomes Ribeiro Junior

Abstract: Background: The cultivation in intercropping between maize and forage brings numerous benefits, among them is the possibility of maintaining maize production and the formation of straw, aiming at improvements in the characteristics of the productive environment.
Objective: This work had as objective to evaluate the performance of the forage Urochloa ruziziensis in different sowing dates in intercropping with corn crop. Results: U. ruziziensis was sown in-between the maize rows. It was evaluated soil coverage percentage, plants height, chlorophyll content, density of tillers, leaf area index and biomass production. U. ruziziensis showed no significant difference for biomass production, however there was no interaction between cultivar and date for the other variables. Conclusion: The intercropping between maize and U. ruziziensis must be carried out with the sowing of the same occurring at the same time and preferably with an early cycle and low size cultivar.

[ FULL TEXT PDF 42-46 ] DOI: 10.22587/ajbas.2018.12.10.7


An Investigation into The Use of Engine-Sail on Catamaran Fishing Vessel

PI Santosa, RB Luhulima, IKAP Utama

Abstract: In general, the use of fossil fuel to support shipping activities is extremely large with tendency to increase from year to year. The use of fossil fuel is not only un-economical, but also not environmentally friendly. In order to reduce the use of fossil fuel hence its impact to the environment, an investigation into the combination use of sail and diesel engine was carried out on a fishing vessel. Several configurations were made in connection among service speed with wind speed, sail thrust, and propeller thrust. Finally, it was found out that the reduction use of fossil fuel of approximately 30% could be achieved as the optimum result.

[ FULL TEXT PDF 47-54 ] DOI: 10.22587/ajbas.2018.12.10.8


Human Resource Development for Acceleration of Study Program Accreditation at Gorontalo State University

Udin Hamim

Abstract: Competence and character that human resources in carrying out creative, innovative, accurate, effective, efficient and productive work systems and able to create a positive climate and organizational culture are the objectives to answer questions about: (1) How to implement human resource development in acceleration programs Study program accreditation so far? (2) What constraints faced by Gorontalo State University in the implementation of human resource development in the accelerated accreditation program of the study program so far. (3) How is the alternative strategy for human resource development in the acceleration program of the study program accreditation. This study uses a qualitative approach with the aim to examine various phenomena related to the development strategy of the regional apparatus of the pemekaran results and alternative solutions. The results show that the development of human resources is based on the analysis of the position and real needs of each unit, internal coordination, an open recruitment system.

[ FULL TEXT PDF 55-58 ] DOI: 10.22587/ajbas.2018.12.10.9